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第 77 章 inotify

目录

77.1. inotify-tools
77.2. Incron - cron-like daemon which handles filesystem events
77.2.1. incrontab - inotify cron table manipulator
77.2.2. 使用说明
77.2.2.1. mask 参数
77.2.2.2. command 参数
77.3. inotify-tools + rsync
77.4. pyinotify
$ ls -ld /proc/sys/fs/inotify/*

77.1. inotify-tools

Installation

ubuntu

sudo apt-get install inotify-tools
		

centos

yum install inotify-tools
		

inotifywait -r -m $HOME

监控登录过程

neo@master:~$ inotifywait -r  -m $HOME
Setting up watches.  Beware: since -r was given, this may take a while!
Watches established.
/home/neo/ OPEN .profile
/home/neo/ ACCESS .profile
/home/neo/ CLOSE_NOWRITE,CLOSE .profile
/home/neo/ OPEN .bashrc
/home/neo/ ACCESS .bashrc
/home/neo/ CLOSE_NOWRITE,CLOSE .bashrc
/home/neo/ OPEN .bash_history
/home/neo/ ACCESS .bash_history
/home/neo/ CLOSE_NOWRITE,CLOSE .bash_history
/home/neo/ OPEN .bash_history
/home/neo/ ACCESS .bash_history
/home/neo/ CLOSE_NOWRITE,CLOSE .bash_history
		

create a new file helloworld.txt

/home/neo/ CREATE helloworld.txt
/home/neo/ OPEN helloworld.txt
/home/neo/ MODIFY helloworld.txt
/home/neo/ CLOSE_WRITE,CLOSE helloworld.txt
		

cat a file using cat helloworld.txt

/home/neo/ OPEN,ISDIR
/home/neo/ CLOSE_NOWRITE,CLOSE,ISDIR
/home/neo/ OPEN,ISDIR
/home/neo/ CLOSE_NOWRITE,CLOSE,ISDIR
/home/neo/ OPEN helloworld.txt
/home/neo/ ACCESS helloworld.txt
/home/neo/ CLOSE_NOWRITE,CLOSE helloworld.txt
		

delete a file helloworld.txt

/home/neo/ OPEN,ISDIR
/home/neo/ CLOSE_NOWRITE,CLOSE,ISDIR
/home/neo/ OPEN,ISDIR
/home/neo/ CLOSE_NOWRITE,CLOSE,ISDIR
/home/neo/ DELETE helloworld.txt