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第 17 章 TCP/IP 压力测试优化

		
cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf <<EOF
root 	soft nofile 40960
root 	hard nofile 65536
nobody 	soft nofile 40960
nobody 	hard nofile 65536
nginx 	soft nofile 40960
nginx 	hard nofile 65536
EOF

cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf <<EOF
* 	soft nofile 1050000
* 	hard nofile 1050000
EOF

cat >> /etc/sysctl.conf <<EOF
net.core.rmem_default = 10000000
net.core.rmem_max = 32949076
net.core.wmem_default = 10000000
net.core.wmem_max = 32949076
net.core.optmem_max = 32949076
net.core.somaxconn = 1024

net.ipv4.ip_local_port_range = 1024 65500
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_fin_timeout = 60
net.ipv4.tcp_keepalive_time = 1200
net.ipv4.tcp_max_syn_backlog = 8192
net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 10240
EOF
/sbin/sysctl -p
		
		

net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies = 0必须禁用

net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets 尽可能大,增加TIME_WAIT列队长度

如果是WEB服务器,开启状态监视

location /nginx_status {
  stub_status on;
  access_log  on;
}
		

测试客户端

		
cat >> /etc/security/limits.conf <<EOF
nginx 	soft nofile 1000000
nginx 	hard nofile 1000000
EOF

or

ulimit -SHn 1090000
		
		

观察TCP状态

# cat tcp.sh
netstat -n | awk '/^tcp/ {++state[$NF]} END {for(key in state) print key,"\t",state[key]}'

# watch ./tcp.sh
		
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