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第 4 章 File Synchronize

目录

4.1. rsync - fast remote file copy program (like rcp)
4.1.1. 安装Rsync与配置守护进程
4.1.1.1. install with source
4.1.1.2. install with aptitude
4.1.1.3. xinetd
4.1.1.4. CentOS 7 - systemctl
4.1.2. rsyncd.conf
4.1.3. rsync 参数说明
4.1.3.1. -n, --dry-run perform a trial run with no changes made
4.1.3.2. --bwlimit=KBPS limit I/O bandwidth; KBytes per second
4.1.3.3. -e, --rsh=COMMAND specify the remote shell to use
4.1.4. step by step to learn rsync
4.1.5. rsync examples
4.1.5.1. upload
4.1.5.2. download
4.1.5.3. mirror
4.1.5.4. rsync delete
4.1.5.5. backup to a central backup server with 7 day incremental
4.1.5.6. backup to a spare disk
4.1.5.7. mirroring vger CVS tree
4.1.5.8. automated backup at home
4.1.5.9. Fancy footwork with remote file lists
4.1.6. rsync for windows
4.1.7. 多进程 rsync 脚本
4.2. tsync
4.3. Unison File Synchronizer
4.3.1. local
4.3.2. remote
4.3.3. config
4.4. csync2 - cluster synchronization tool
4.4.1. server
4.4.2. node
4.4.3. test
4.4.4. Advanced Configuration
4.4.5. 编译安装
4.5. synctool

4.1. rsync - fast remote file copy program (like rcp)

rsync is an open source utility that provides fast incremental file transfer. rsync is freely available under the GNU General Public License version 2 and is currently being maintained by Wayne Davison.

4.1.1. 安装Rsync与配置守护进程

4.1.1.1. install with source

过程 4.1. rsync

  1. 安装rsync

    在AS3 第二张CD上找到rsync-2.5.6-20.i386.rpm

    [root@linuxas3 root]# cd /mnt
    [root@linuxas3 mnt]# mount cdrom
    [root@linuxas3 mnt]# cd cdrom/RedHat/RPMS
    [root@linuxas3 RPMS]# rpm -ivh rsync-2.5.6-20.i386.rpm
    					
  2. 配置/etc/rsyncd.conf

    在rh9,as3系统上rsync安装后,并没有创建rsyncd.conf文档,要自己创建rsyncd.conf文档

    [root@linuxas3 root]# vi /etc/rsyncd.conf
    
    uid=nobody
    gid=nobody
    max connections=5
    use chroot=no
    log file=/var/log/rsyncd.log
    pid file=/var/run/rsyncd.pid
    lock file=/var/run/rsyncd.lock
    #auth users=root
    secrets file=/etc/rsyncd.passwd
    
    [postfix]
    path=/var/mail
    comment = backup mail
    ignore errors
    read only = yes
    list = no
    auth users = postfix
    
    [netkiller]
    path=/home/netkiller/web
    comment = backup 9812.net
    ignore errors
    read only = yes
    list = no
    auth users = netkiller
    
    [pgsqldb]
    path=/var/lib/pgsql
    comment = backup postgresql database
    ignore errors
    read only = yes
    list = no
    					
    1. 选项说明

      uid = nobody
      gid = nobody
      use chroot = no         # 不使用chroot
      max connections = 4     # 最大连接数为4
      pid file = /var/run/rsyncd.pid           #进程ID文件
      lock file = /var/run/rsync.lock
      log file = /var/log/rsyncd.log    # 日志记录文件
      secrets file = /etc/rsyncd.pwd    # 认证文件名,主要保存用户密码,权限建议设为600,所有者root
      
      [module]            # 这里是认证的模块名,在client端需要指定
      path = /var/mail    # 需要做镜像的目录
      comment = backup xxxx # 注释
      ignore errors         # 可以忽略一些无关的IO错误
      read only = yes       # 只读
      list = no             # 不允许列文件
      auth users = postfix  # 认证的用户名,如果没有这行,则表明是匿名
      
      [other]
      path = /path/to...
      comment = xxxxx
      				    	
    2. 密码文件

      在server端生成一个密码文件/etc/rsyncd.pwd

      [root@linuxas3 root]# echo postfix:xxx >>/etc/rsyncd.pwd
      [root@linuxas3 root]# echo netkiller:xxx >>/etc/rsyncd.pwd
      [root@linuxas3 root]# chmod 600 /etc/rsyncd.pwd
      				    	
    3. 启动rsync daemon

      [root@linuxas3 root]# rsync --daemon
      				    	
  3. 添加到启动文件

    echo "rsync --daemon" >> /etc/rc.d/rc.local                                    [  OK  ]
    					

    cat /etc/rc.d/rc.local 确认一下

  4. 测试

    [root@linux docbook]#  rsync rsync://netkiller.8800.org/netkiller
    [root@linux tmp]# rsync rsync://netkiller@netkiller.8800.org/netkiller
    Password:
    
    [chen@linux temp]$  rsync -vzrtopg --progress --delete postfix@netkiller.8800.org::postfix /tmp
    Password:
    				

4.1.1.2. install with aptitude

过程 4.2. installation setp by setp

  1. installation

    $ sudo apt-get install rsync
    					
  2. enable

    $ sudo vim /etc/default/rsync
    
    RSYNC_ENABLE=true
    					
  3. config /etc/rsyncd.conf

    $ sudo vim /etc/rsyncd.conf
    
    uid=nobody
    gid=nobody
    max connections=5
    use chroot=no
    pid file=/var/run/rsyncd.pid
    lock file=/var/run/rsyncd.lock
    log file=/var/log/rsyncd.log
    #auth users=root
    secrets file=/etc/rsyncd.secrets
    
    [neo]
    path=/home/neo/www
    comment = backup neo
    ignore errors
    read only = yes
    list = no
    auth users = neo
    
    [netkiller]
    path=/home/netkiller/public_html
    comment = backup netkiller
    ignore errors
    read only = yes
    list = no
    auth users = netkiller
    
    [mirror]
    path=/var/www/netkiller.8800.org/html/
    comment = mirror netkiller.8800.org
    exclude = .svn
    ignore errors
    read only = yes
    list = yes
    
    [music]
    path=/var/music
    comment = backup music database
    ignore errors
    read only = yes
    list = no
    
    [pgsqldb]
    path=/var/lib/pgsql
    comment = backup postgresql database
    ignore errors
    read only = yes
    list = no
    auth users = neo,netkiller
    					
  4. /etc/rsyncd.secrets

    $ sudo vim  /etc/rsyncd.secrets
    
    neo:123456
    netkiller:123456
    					

    $ sudo chmod 600 /etc/rsyncd.secrets
    					
  5. start

    $ sudo /etc/init.d/rsync start
    					
  6. test

    $ rsync -vzrtopg --progress --delete neo@localhost::neo /tmp/test1/
    $ rsync -vzrtopg --progress --delete localhost::music /tmp/test2/
    					
  7. firewall

    $ sudo ufw allow rsync
    					

4.1.1.3. xinetd

CentOS 6 之前的版本可以使用 xinetd, CentOS 7 不建议使用

yum install xinetd
			

配置 /etc/xinetd.d/rsync

vim /etc/xinetd.d/rsync

# default: off
# description: The rsync server is a good addition to an ftp server, as it \
#	allows crc checksumming etc.
service rsync
{
	disable	= yes
	flags		= IPv6
	socket_type     = stream
	wait            = no
	user            = root
	server          = /usr/bin/rsync
	server_args     = --daemon
	log_on_failure  += USERID
}
			

disable = yes 改为 disable = no

# vim /etc/rsyncd.conf

chkconfig xinetd on
/etc/init.d/xinetd restart
			

4.1.1.4. CentOS 7 - systemctl

systemctl enable rsyncd
systemctl start rsyncd
systemctl restart rsyncd
systemctl stop rsyncd
			

启动配置项 /etc/sysconfig/rsyncd

# cat /etc/sysconfig/rsyncd
OPTIONS="" 			
			

启动脚本

# cat /usr/lib/systemd/system/rsyncd.service
[Unit]
Description=fast remote file copy program daemon
ConditionPathExists=/etc/rsyncd.conf

[Service]
EnvironmentFile=/etc/sysconfig/rsyncd
ExecStart=/usr/bin/rsync --daemon --no-detach "$OPTIONS"

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target			
			

4.1.2. rsyncd.conf

# Minimal configuration file for rsync daemon
# See rsync(1) and rsyncd.conf(5) man pages for help

# This line is required by the /etc/init.d/rsyncd script
pid file = /var/run/rsyncd.pid
port = 873
address = 192.168.1.171
#uid = nobody
#gid = nobody
uid = root
gid = root

use chroot = yes
read only = yes


#limit access to private LANs
hosts allow=192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0 10.0.1.0/255.255.255.0
hosts deny=*

max connections = 5
motd file = /etc/rsyncd/rsyncd.motd

#This will give you a separate log file
#log file = /var/log/rsync.log

#This will log every file transferred - up to 85,000+ per user, per sync
#transfer logging = yes

log format = %t %a %m %f %b
syslog facility = local3
timeout = 300

[home]
path = /home
list=yes
ignore errors
auth users = linux
secrets file = /etc/rsyncd/rsyncd.secrets
comment = linuxsir home
exclude =   beinan/  samba/

[beinan]
path = /opt
list=no
ignore errors
comment = optdir
auth users = beinan
secrets file = /etc/rsyncd/rsyncd.secrets

[www]
path = /www/
ignore errors
read only = true
list = false
hosts allow = 172.16.1.1
hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/32
auth users = backup
secrets file = /etc/backserver.pas


[web_user1]
path = /home/web_user1/
ignore errors
read only = true
list = false
hosts allow = 202.99.11.121
hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/32
uid = web_user1
gid = web_user1
auth users = backup
secrets file = /etc/backserver.pas


[pub]
  	comment = Random things available for download
  	path = /path/to/my/public/share
  	read only = yes
  	list = yes
  	uid = nobody
  	gid = nobody
  	auth users = pub
  	secrets file = /etc/rsyncd.secrets
		

4.1.3. rsync 参数说明

		
命令行选项
-v, --verbose 详细模式输出
-q, --quiet 精简输出模式
-c, --checksum 打开校验开关,强制对文件传输进行校验
-a, --archive 归档模式,表示以递归方式传输文件,并保持所有文件属性,等于-rlptgoD
-r, --recursive 对子目录以递归模式处理
-R, --relative 使用相对路径信息
-b, --backup 创建备份,也就是对于目的已经存在有同样的文件名时,将老的文件重新命名为~filename。可以使用--suffix选项来指定不同的备份文件前缀。
--backup-dir 将备份文件(如~filename)存放在在目录下。
-suffix=SUFFIX 定义备份文件前缀
-u, --update 仅仅进行更新,也就是跳过所有已经存在于DST,并且文件时间晚于要备份的文件。(不覆盖更新的文件)
-l, --links 保留软链结
-L, --copy-links 想对待常规文件一样处理软链结
--copy-unsafe-links 仅仅拷贝指向SRC路径目录树以外的链结
--safe-links 忽略指向SRC路径目录树以外的链结
-H, --hard-links 保留硬链结
-p, --perms 保持文件权限
-o, --owner 保持文件属主信息
-g, --group 保持文件属组信息
-D, --devices 保持设备文件信息
-t, --times 保持文件时间信息
-S, --sparse 对稀疏文件进行特殊处理以节省DST的空间
-n, --dry-run现实哪些文件将被传输
-W, --whole-file 拷贝文件,不进行增量检测
-x, --one-file-system 不要跨越文件系统边界
-B, --block-size=SIZE 检验算法使用的块尺寸,默认是700字节
-e, --rsh=COMMAND 指定使用rsh、ssh方式进行数据同步
--rsync-path=PATH 指定远程服务器上的rsync命令所在路径信息
-C, --cvs-exclude 使用和CVS一样的方法自动忽略文件,用来排除那些不希望传输的文件
--existing 仅仅更新那些已经存在于DST的文件,而不备份那些新创建的文件
--delete 删除那些DST中SRC没有的文件
--delete-excluded 同样删除接收端那些被该选项指定排除的文件
--delete-after 传输结束以后再删除
--ignore-errors 及时出现IO错误也进行删除
--max-delete=NUM 最多删除NUM个文件
--partial 保留那些因故没有完全传输的文件,以是加快随后的再次传输
--force 强制删除目录,即使不为空
--numeric-ids 不将数字的用户和组ID匹配为用户名和组名
--timeout=TIME IP超时时间,单位为秒
-I, --ignore-times 不跳过那些有同样的时间和长度的文件
--size-only 当决定是否要备份文件时,仅仅察看文件大小而不考虑文件时间
--modify-window=NUM 决定文件是否时间相同时使用的时间戳窗口,默认为0
-T --temp-dir=DIR 在DIR中创建临时文件
--compare-dest=DIR 同样比较DIR中的文件来决定是否需要备份
-P 等同于 --partial
--progress 显示备份过程
-z, --compress 对备份的文件在传输时进行压缩处理
--exclude=PATTERN 指定排除不需要传输的文件模式
--include=PATTERN 指定不排除而需要传输的文件模式
--exclude-from=FILE 排除FILE中指定模式的文件
--include-from=FILE 不排除FILE指定模式匹配的文件
--version 打印版本信息
--address 绑定到特定的地址
--config=FILE 指定其他的配置文件,不使用默认的rsyncd.conf文件
--port=PORT 指定其他的rsync服务端口
--blocking-io 对远程shell使用阻塞IO
-stats 给出某些文件的传输状态
--progress 在传输时现实传输过程
--log-format=formAT 指定日志文件格式
--password-file=FILE 从FILE中得到密码
--bwlimit=KBPS 限制I/O带宽,KBytes per second
-h, --help 显示帮助信息
		
		

4.1.3.1. -n, --dry-run perform a trial run with no changes made

模拟运行,显示日志,但不做复制操作。

rsync -anvzP /www/* root@172.16.0.1/www
			

4.1.3.2. --bwlimit=KBPS limit I/O bandwidth; KBytes per second

速度限制,限制为 100k Bytes/s

rsync -auvzP--bwlimit=100 /www/* root@172.16.0.1/www
			

4.1.3.3. -e, --rsh=COMMAND specify the remote shell to use

rsync -auzv --rsh=ssh root@202.130.101.33:/www/example.com/* /backup/example.com/ 
# --rsh=ssh 可以省略
rsync -auzv root@202.130.101.33:/www/example.com/* /backup/example.com/				
			

如果需要特别参数,可以这样写,这里指定连接SSH的端口为20

rsync -auzv --rsh='ssh -p20' root@202.130.101.34:/www/example.com/* /backup/example.com/  			
			

4.1.4. step by step to learn rsync

  1. transfer file from src to dest directory

    neo@netkiller:/tmp$ mkdir rsync
    neo@netkiller:/tmp$ cd rsync/
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ ls
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ mkdir src dest
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ echo file1 > src/file1
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ echo file2 > src/file2
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ echo file3 > src/file3
    				
  2. skipping directory

    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ mkdir src/dir1
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ mkdir src/dir2
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ rsync src/* dest/
    skipping directory src/dir1
    skipping directory src/dir2
    				
  3. recurse into directories

    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ rsync -r src/* dest/
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ ls dest/
    dir1  dir2  file1  file2  file3
    				
  4. backup

    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ rsync -r --backup --suffix=.2008-11-21 src/* dest/
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ ls dest/
    dir1  dir2  file1  file1.2008-11-21  file2  file2.2008-11-21  file3  file3.2008-11-21
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$
    				

    backup-dir

    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ rsync -r --backup --suffix=.2008-11-21 --backup-dir mybackup src/* dest/
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ ls dest/
    dir1  dir2  file1  file1.2008-11-21  file2  file2.2008-11-21  file3  file3.2008-11-21  mybackup
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ ls dest/mybackup/
    file1.2008-11-21  file2.2008-11-21  file3.2008-11-21
    				

    rsync -r --backup --suffix=.2008-11-21 --backup-dir ../mybackup src/* dest/
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ ls
    dest  mybackup  src
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ ls src/
    dir1  dir2  file1  file2  file3
    				
  5. update

    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ rm -rf dest/*
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ rsync -r -u src/* dest/
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ echo netkiller>>src/file2
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ rsync -v -r -u src/* dest/
    building file list ... done
    file2
    
    sent 166 bytes  received 42 bytes  416.00 bytes/sec
    total size is 38  speedup is 0.18
    				

    update by time and size

    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ echo Hi>src/dir1/file1.1
    neo@netkiller:/tmp/rsync$ rsync -v -r -u src/* dest/
    building file list ... done
    dir1/file1.1
    
    sent 166 bytes  received 42 bytes  416.00 bytes/sec
    total size is 41  speedup is 0.20
    				
  6. --archive

    rsync -a src/ dest/
    				
  7. --compress

    rsync -a -z src/ dest/
    				
  8. --delete

    src

    svn@netkiller:~$ ls src/
    dir1  dir2  file1  file2  file3
    				

    dest

    neo@netkiller:~$ rsync -v -u -a --delete -e ssh svnroot@127.0.0.1:/home/svnroot/src /tmp/dest
    svnroot@127.0.0.1's password:
    receiving file list ... done
    created directory /tmp/dest
    src/
    src/file1
    src/file2
    src/file3
    src/dir1/
    src/dir2/
    
    sent 104 bytes  received 309 bytes  118.00 bytes/sec
    total size is 0  speedup is 0.00
    				

    src

    svn@netkiller:~$ rm -rf src/file2
    svn@netkiller:~$ rm -rf src/dir2
    				

    dest

    neo@netkiller:~$ rsync -v -u -a --delete -e ssh svnroot@127.0.0.1:/home/svnroot/src /tmp/dest
    svnroot@127.0.0.1's password:
    receiving file list ... done
    deleting src/dir2/
    deleting src/file2
    src/
    
    sent 26 bytes  received 144 bytes  68.00 bytes/sec
    total size is 0  speedup is 0.00
    				

4.1.5. rsync examples

http://samba.anu.edu.au/rsync/examples.html

4.1.5.1. upload

$ rsync -v -u -a --delete --rsh=ssh --stats localfile username@hostname:/home/username/
		

for example:

I want to copy local workspace of eclipse directory to another computer.

$ rsync -v -u -a --delete --rsh=ssh --stats workspace neo@192.168.245.131:/home/neo/
		

4.1.5.2. download

$ rsync -v -u -a --delete --rsh=ssh --stats neo@192.168.245.131:/home/neo/* /tmp/
		

4.1.5.3. mirror

rsync使用方法

rsync rsync://认证用户@主机/模块

rsync -vzrtopg --progress --delete 认证用户@主机::模块 /mirror目录
		

4.1.5.4. rsync delete

例 4.1. examples

用rsync删除目标目录



mkdir /root/blank
rsync --delete-before -a -H -v --progress --stats /root/blank/ ./cache/


4.1.5.5. backup to a central backup server with 7 day incremental

例 4.2. backup to a central backup server with 7 day incremental

				
#!/bin/sh

# This script does personal backups to a rsync backup server. You will end up
# with a 7 day rotating incremental backup. The incrementals will go
# into subdirectories named after the day of the week, and the current
# full backup goes into a directory called "current"
# tridge@linuxcare.com

# directory to backup
BDIR=/home/$USER

# excludes file - this contains a wildcard pattern per line of files to exclude
EXCLUDES=$HOME/cron/excludes

# the name of the backup machine
BSERVER=owl

# your password on the backup server
export RSYNC_PASSWORD=XXXXXX


########################################################################

BACKUPDIR=`date +%A`
OPTS="--force --ignore-errors --delete-excluded --exclude-from=$EXCLUDES
      --delete --backup --backup-dir=/$BACKUPDIR -a"

export PATH=$PATH:/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin

# the following line clears the last weeks incremental directory
[ -d $HOME/emptydir ] || mkdir $HOME/emptydir
rsync --delete -a $HOME/emptydir/ $BSERVER::$USER/$BACKUPDIR/
rmdir $HOME/emptydir

# now the actual transfer
rsync $OPTS $BDIR $BSERVER::$USER/current
				
				

4.1.5.6. backup to a spare disk

例 4.3. backup to a spare disk

				
I do local backups on several of my machines using rsync. I have an
extra disk installed that can hold all the contents of the main
disk. I then have a nightly cron job that backs up the main disk to
the backup. This is the script I use on one of those machines.

    #!/bin/sh

    export PATH=/usr/local/bin:/usr/bin:/bin

    LIST="rootfs usr data data2"

    for d in $LIST; do
	mount /backup/$d
	rsync -ax --exclude fstab --delete /$d/ /backup/$d/
	umount /backup/$d
    done

    DAY=`date "+%A"`

    rsync -a --delete /usr/local/apache /data2/backups/$DAY
    rsync -a --delete /data/solid /data2/backups/$DAY



The first part does the backup on the spare disk. The second part
backs up the critical parts to daily directories.  I also backup the
critical parts using a rsync over ssh to a remote machine.
				
				

4.1.5.7. mirroring vger CVS tree

例 4.4. mirroring vger CVS tree

				
The vger.rutgers.edu cvs tree is mirrored onto cvs.samba.org via
anonymous rsync using the following script.

    #!/bin/bash

    cd /var/www/cvs/vger/
    PATH=/usr/local/bin:/usr/freeware/bin:/usr/bin:/bin

    RUN=`lps x | grep rsync | grep -v grep | wc -l`
    if [ "$RUN" -gt 0 ]; then
	    echo already running
	    exit 1
    fi

    rsync -az vger.rutgers.edu::cvs/CVSROOT/ChangeLog $HOME/ChangeLog

    sum1=`sum $HOME/ChangeLog`
    sum2=`sum /var/www/cvs/vger/CVSROOT/ChangeLog`

    if [ "$sum1" = "$sum2" ]; then
	    echo nothing to do
	    exit 0
    fi

    rsync -az --delete --force vger.rutgers.edu::cvs/ /var/www/cvs/vger/
    exit 0

Note in particular the initial rsync of the ChangeLog to determine if
anything has changed. This could be omitted but it would mean that the
rsyncd on vger would have to build a complete listing of the cvs area
at each run. As most of the time nothing will have changed I wanted to
save the time on vger by only doing a full rsync if the ChangeLog has
changed. This helped quite a lot because vger is low on memory and
generally quite heavily loaded, so doing a listing on such a large
tree every hour would have been excessive.
				
				

4.1.5.8. automated backup at home

例 4.5. automated backup at home

				
I use rsync to backup my wifes home directory across a modem link each
night. The cron job looks like this

    #!/bin/sh
    cd ~susan
    {
    echo
    date
    dest=~/backup/`date +%A`
    mkdir $dest.new
    find . -xdev -type f \( -mtime 0 -or -mtime 1 \) -exec cp -aPv "{}"
    $dest.new \;
    cnt=`find $dest.new -type f | wc -l`
    if [ $cnt -gt 0 ]; then
      rm -rf $dest
      mv $dest.new $dest
    fi
    rm -rf $dest.new
    rsync -Cavze ssh . samba:backup
    } >> ~/backup/backup.log 2>&1


note that most of this script isn't anything to do with rsync, it just
creates a daily backup of Susans work in a ~susan/backup/ directory so
she can retrieve any version from the last week. The last line does
the rsync of her directory across the modem link to the host
samba. Note that I am using the -C option which allows me to add
entries to .cvsignore for stuff that doesn't need to be backed up.
				
				

4.1.5.9. Fancy footwork with remote file lists

例 4.6. Fancy footwork with remote file lists

				
One little known feature of rsync is the fact that when run over a
remote shell (such as rsh or ssh) you can give any shell command as
the remote file list. The shell command is expanded by your remote
shell before rsync is called. For example, see if you can work out
what this does:

	rsync -avR remote:'`find /home -name "*.[ch]"`' /tmp/

note that that is backquotes enclosed by quotes (some browsers don't
show that correctly).
				
				

4.1.6. rsync for windows

http://www.rsync.net/resources/howto/windows_rsync.html

4.1.7. 多进程 rsync 脚本

		
#!/usr/bin/perl

my $path = "/data";          #本地目录
my $ip="172.16.xxx.xxx";     #远程目录
my $maxchild=5;              #同时并发的个数

open FILE,"ls $path|";
while()
{

        chomp;
        my $filename = $_;
        my $i = 1;
        while($i<=1){
                my $un = `ps -ef |grep rsync|grep -v grep |grep avl|wc -l`;
                $i =$i+1;
                if( $un < $maxchild){
                        system("rsync -avl --size-only $path/$_   $ip:$path &") ;
                }else{
                        sleep 5;
                        $i = 1;
                }
        }
}