Home | 简体中文 | 繁体中文 | 杂文 | Search | ITEYE 博客 | OSChina 博客 | Facebook | Linkedin | 作品与服务 | Email

10.10. syslog

import syslog

syslog.syslog('Processing started')
if error:
    syslog.syslog(syslog.LOG_ERR, 'Processing started')

syslog.openlog(logopt=syslog.LOG_PID, facility=syslog.LOG_MAIL)
syslog.syslog('E-mail processing initiated...')
	

10.10.1. udp client

		
#!/usr/bin/python
# -*- encoding: iso-8859-1 -*-

"""
Python syslog client.

This code is placed in the public domain by the author.
Written by Christian Stigen Larsen.

This is especially neat for Windows users, who (I think) don't
get any syslog module in the default python installation.

See RFC3164 for more info -- http://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc3164

Note that if you intend to send messages to remote servers, their
syslogd must be started with -r to allow to receive UDP from
the network.
"""

import socket

# I'm a python novice, so I don't know of better ways to define enums

FACILITY = {
	'kern': 0, 'user': 1, 'mail': 2, 'daemon': 3,
	'auth': 4, 'syslog': 5, 'lpr': 6, 'news': 7,
	'uucp': 8, 'cron': 9, 'authpriv': 10, 'ftp': 11,
	'local0': 16, 'local1': 17, 'local2': 18, 'local3': 19,
	'local4': 20, 'local5': 21, 'local6': 22, 'local7': 23,
}

LEVEL = {
	'emerg': 0, 'alert':1, 'crit': 2, 'err': 3,
	'warning': 4, 'notice': 5, 'info': 6, 'debug': 7
}

def syslog(message, level=LEVEL['notice'], facility=FACILITY['daemon'],
	host='localhost', port=514):

	"""
	Send syslog UDP packet to given host and port.
	"""

	sock = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_DGRAM)
	data = '<%d>%s' % (level + facility*8, message)
	sock.sendto(data, (host, port))
	sock.close()
		
		

Example usage:

from syslog import syslog
message = 'There were zwei peanuts walking down der strasse...'
syslog(message, level=5, facility=3, host='localhost', port=514)
		

		
# -*- Mode: Python; tab-width: 4 -*-

# ======================================================================
# Copyright 1997 by Sam Rushing
# 
#                         All Rights Reserved
# 
# Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software and
# its documentation for any purpose and without fee is hereby
# granted, provided that the above copyright notice appear in all
# copies and that both that copyright notice and this permission
# notice appear in supporting documentation, and that the name of Sam
# Rushing not be used in advertising or publicity pertaining to
# distribution of the software without specific, written prior
# permission.
# 
# SAM RUSHING DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE,
# INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS, IN
# NO EVENT SHALL SAM RUSHING BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT OR
# CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS
# OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN ACTION OF CONTRACT,
# NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR IN
# CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
# ======================================================================

"""socket interface to unix syslog.
On Unix, there are usually two ways of getting to syslog: via a
local unix-domain socket, or via the TCP service.

Usually "/dev/log" is the unix domain socket.  This may be different
for other systems.

>>> my_client = syslog_client ('/dev/log')

Otherwise, just use the UDP version, port 514.

>>> my_client = syslog_client (('my_log_host', 514))

On win32, you will have to use the UDP version.  Note that
you can use this to log to other hosts (and indeed, multiple
hosts).

This module is not a drop-in replacement for the python
<syslog> extension module - the interface is different.

Usage:

>>> c = syslog_client()
>>> c = syslog_client ('/strange/non_standard_log_location')
>>> c = syslog_client (('other_host.com', 514))
>>> c.log ('testing', facility='local0', priority='debug')

"""

# TODO: support named-pipe syslog.
# [see ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/system/Daemons/syslog-fifo.tar.z]

# from <linux/sys/syslog.h>:
# ===========================================================================
# priorities/facilities are encoded into a single 32-bit quantity, where the
# bottom 3 bits are the priority (0-7) and the top 28 bits are the facility
# (0-big number).  Both the priorities and the facilities map roughly
# one-to-one to strings in the syslogd(8) source code.  This mapping is
# included in this file.
#
# priorities (these are ordered)

LOG_EMERG		= 0		#  system is unusable 
LOG_ALERT		= 1		#  action must be taken immediately 
LOG_CRIT		= 2		#  critical conditions 
LOG_ERR			= 3		#  error conditions 
LOG_WARNING		= 4		#  warning conditions 
LOG_NOTICE		= 5		#  normal but significant condition 
LOG_INFO		= 6		#  informational 
LOG_DEBUG		= 7		#  debug-level messages 

#  facility codes 
LOG_KERN		= 0		#  kernel messages 
LOG_USER		= 1		#  random user-level messages 
LOG_MAIL		= 2		#  mail system 
LOG_DAEMON		= 3		#  system daemons 
LOG_AUTH		= 4		#  security/authorization messages 
LOG_SYSLOG		= 5		#  messages generated internally by syslogd 
LOG_LPR			= 6		#  line printer subsystem 
LOG_NEWS		= 7		#  network news subsystem 
LOG_UUCP		= 8		#  UUCP subsystem 
LOG_CRON		= 9		#  clock daemon 
LOG_AUTHPRIV	= 10	#  security/authorization messages (private) 

#  other codes through 15 reserved for system use 
LOG_LOCAL0		= 16		#  reserved for local use 
LOG_LOCAL1		= 17		#  reserved for local use 
LOG_LOCAL2		= 18		#  reserved for local use 
LOG_LOCAL3		= 19		#  reserved for local use 
LOG_LOCAL4		= 20		#  reserved for local use 
LOG_LOCAL5		= 21		#  reserved for local use 
LOG_LOCAL6		= 22		#  reserved for local use 
LOG_LOCAL7		= 23		#  reserved for local use 

priority_names = {
	"alert":	LOG_ALERT,
	"crit":		LOG_CRIT,
	"debug":	LOG_DEBUG,
	"emerg":	LOG_EMERG,
	"err":		LOG_ERR,
	"error":	LOG_ERR,		#  DEPRECATED 
	"info":		LOG_INFO,
	"notice":	LOG_NOTICE,
	"panic": 	LOG_EMERG,		#  DEPRECATED 
	"warn":		LOG_WARNING,		#  DEPRECATED 
	"warning":	LOG_WARNING,
	}

facility_names = {
	"auth":		LOG_AUTH,
	"authpriv":	LOG_AUTHPRIV,
	"cron": 	LOG_CRON,
	"daemon":	LOG_DAEMON,
	"kern":		LOG_KERN,
	"lpr":		LOG_LPR,
	"mail":		LOG_MAIL,
	"news":		LOG_NEWS,
	"security":	LOG_AUTH,		#  DEPRECATED 
	"syslog":	LOG_SYSLOG,
	"user":		LOG_USER,
	"uucp":		LOG_UUCP,
	"local0":	LOG_LOCAL0,
	"local1":	LOG_LOCAL1,
	"local2":	LOG_LOCAL2,
	"local3":	LOG_LOCAL3,
	"local4":	LOG_LOCAL4,
	"local5":	LOG_LOCAL5,
	"local6":	LOG_LOCAL6,
	"local7":	LOG_LOCAL7,
	}

import socket

class syslog_client:
	def __init__ (self, address='/dev/log'):
		self.address = address
		if type (address) == type(''):
			self.socket = socket.socket (socket.AF_UNIX, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
			self.socket.connect (address)
			self.unix = 1
		else:
			self.socket = socket.socket (socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_DGRAM)
			self.unix = 0

	# curious: when talking to the unix-domain '/dev/log' socket, a
	#   zero-terminator seems to be required.  this string is placed
	#   into a class variable so that it can be overridden if
	#   necessary.

	log_format_string = '<%d>%s\000'

	def log (self, message, facility=LOG_USER, priority=LOG_INFO):
		message = self.log_format_string % (
			self.encode_priority (facility, priority),
			message
			)
		if self.unix:
			self.socket.send (message)
		else:
			self.socket.sendto (message, self.address)

	def encode_priority (self, facility, priority):
		if type(facility) == type(''):
			facility = facility_names[facility]
		if type(priority) == type(''):
			priority = priority_names[priority]			
		return (facility<<3) | priority

	def close (self):
		if self.unix:
			self.socket.close()		
		
		

10.10.2. udp server

		
import os,socket,sys,time,string
import MySQLdb
bufsize=1500
port=514
syslog_serverty={ 0:"emergency",
                   1:"alert",
                   2:"critical",
                   3:"error",
                   4:"warning",
                   5:"notice",
                   6:"info",
                   7:"debug"
                 }
syslog_facility={ 0:"kernel",
                   1:"user",
                   2:"mail",
                   3:"daemaon",
                   4:"auth",
                   5:"syslog",
                   6:"lpr",
                   7:"news",
                   8:"uucp",
                   9:"cron",
                   10:"authpriv",
                   11:"ftp",
                   12:"ntp",
                   13:"security",
                   14:"console",
                   15:"cron",
                   16:"local 0",
                   17:"local 1",
                   18:"local 2",
                   19:"local 3",
                   20:"local 4",
                   21:"local 5",
                   22:"local 6",
                   23:"local 7"
                 }
try:
  sock=socket.socket(socket.AF_INET,socket.SOCK_DGRAM)
  sock.bind(("0.0.0.0",port))
except:
  print("error bind")
  sys.exit(1)
sql_em="insert into emergency values(%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s)"
sql_al="insert into alert     values(%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s)"
sql_cr="insert into critical  values(%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s)"
sql_er="insert into error     values(%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s)"
sql_wa="insert into warning   values(%s,%s,%s,%s,%s,%s)"
conn=MySQLdb.connect(host="127.0.0.1",db="syslog",port=18888,user="root",passwd="cinda")
curs=conn.cursor()
#f=file("syslog.txt","w")
print ("----------------syslog is start----------------\n")
try:
  while 1:
    try:
      data,addr=sock.recvfrom(bufsize)
      #print data,addr
      syslog=str(data)
      n=syslog.find('>')
      serverty=string.atoi(syslog[1:n])&0x0007
      facility=(string.atoi(syslog[1:n])&0x03f8)>>3
      syslog_msg=syslog[26:]
      dev_name=syslog_msg[:syslog_msg.find(' ')]
      dev_msg=syslog_msg[syslog_msg.find(' '):]
      param=(time.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S",time.localtime()),dev_name,addr[0],syslog_facility[facility],syslog_serverty[serverty],dev_msg)

      if serverty==0:
        curs.execute(sql_em,param)
        print syslog_msg
      elif serverty==1:
        curs.execute(sql_al,param)
        print syslog_msg
      elif serverty==2:
        curs.execute(sql_cr,param)
        print syslog_msg
      elif serverty==3:
        curs.execute(sql_er,param)
        print syslog_msg
      elif serverty==4:
        curs.execute(sql_wa,param)
        print syslog_msg

      conn.commit()

      #print dev_msg,time.strftime("%Y-%m-%d %H:%M:%S",time.localtime())
      #print syslog_serverty[serverty],syslog_facility[facility],syslog[26:]
      #f.writelines(syslog_serverty[serverty]+" "+syslog_facility[facility]+" "+syslog[26:]+'\n')
    except socket.error:
      pass
except KeyboardInterrupt:
  curs.close()
  conn.close()
  print ("------------------syslogd stop-------------\n")
  print "good bye"
  sys.exit()
#f.close		
		
		
comments powered by Disqus