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第 7 章 Package Manager

目录

7.1. Yum Resource & Yum Mirror
7.1.1. Fedora resource
7.1.1.1. Fedora 5.4
7.1.1.2. Fedora 6.x
7.1.1.3. Fedora 7.x
7.1.2. rpmforge-release
7.1.2.1. CentOS 5.x
7.1.2.2. CentOS 6.x
7.1.2.3. CentALT
7.1.3. atomic
7.1.4. famillecollet
7.1.5. rpmfind.net
7.1.6. pkgs.org
7.1.7. China Resource
7.1.8. 制作本地共享源
7.2. yum - Yellowdog Updater Modified
7.2.1. install
7.2.2. localinstall
7.2.3. list
7.2.4. search
7.2.5. update / upgrade
7.2.6. remove
7.2.7. installed
7.2.8. group
7.2.8.1. grouplist
7.2.8.2. groupinfo
7.2.8.3. groupinstall
7.2.8.4. groupremove
7.2.9. 查看包的依赖关系
7.2.10. provides / whatprovides
7.2.11. YUM 源管理
7.3. rpm - RPM Package Manager
7.3.1. install/upgrade/remove
7.3.1.1. --prefix
7.3.2. query
7.3.2.1. changelog 查看变更日志
7.4. rpmbuild - Build RPM Package(s)
7.4.1. RPM_directory_macros
7.4.2. --define 专递模板变量
7.4.3.
7.4.4. FAQ

7.1. Yum Resource & Yum Mirror

yum install yum-fastestmirror -y
		

7.1.1. Fedora resource

http://fedoraproject.org/wiki/EPEL

7.1.1.1. Fedora 5.4

5.4

rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/5/i386/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/5/x86_64/epel-release-5-4.noarch.rpm
				

7.1.1.2. Fedora 6.x

6.x

rpm -Uvh http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/epel/6/i386/epel-release-6-5.noarch.rpm
rpm -Uvh http://download.fedora.redhat.com/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-5.noarch.rpm
				

上面的地址已经停用,新地址在:http://mirrors.fedoraproject.org/publiclist

rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm
				

epel-release-6-7.noarch.rpm 升级为 epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm

rpm -Uvh http://dl.fedoraproject.org/pub/epel/6/x86_64/epel-release-6-8.noarch.rpm
				

7.1.1.3. Fedora 7.x

http://ftp.cuhk.edu.hk/pub/linux/fedora-epel/7/x86_64/repoview/epel-release.html

yum localinstall -y http://ftp.cuhk.edu.hk/pub/linux/fedora-epel/7/x86_64/e/epel-release-7-5.noarch.rpm
				

7.1.2. rpmforge-release

http://wiki.centos.org/AdditionalResources/Repositories/RPMForge

7.1.2.1. CentOS 5.x

http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.i386.rpm
http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.x86_64.rpm
	    		
# wget http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.x86_64.rpm
# rpm --import http://apt.sw.be/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt
# rpm -K rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.*.rpm
# rpm -i rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el5.rf.*.rpm
    			

7.1.2.2. CentOS 6.x

i686 http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.i686.rpm
x86_64 http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm


rpm --import http://apt.sw.be/RPM-GPG-KEY.dag.txt
rpm -K http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm
rpm -i http://packages.sw.be/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.2-2.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm
    			

CentOS 6.5

http://pkgs.repoforge.org/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.3-1.el6.rf.i686.rpm
http://pkgs.repoforge.org/rpmforge-release/rpmforge-release-0.5.3-1.el6.rf.x86_64.rpm
    			

7.1.2.3. CentALT

http://centos.alt.ru

http://centos.alt.ru/repository/centos/5/i386/centalt-release-5-3.noarch.rpm
http://centos.alt.ru/repository/centos/5/x86_64/centalt-release-5-3.noarch.rpm
				
http://centos.alt.ru/repository/centos/6/i386/centalt-release-6-1.noarch.rpm
http://centos.alt.ru/repository/centos/6/x86_64/centalt-release-6-1.noarch.rpm
				

含 php-fpm 等包

rpm -Uvh http://centos.alt.ru/repository/centos/6/x86_64/centalt-release-6-1.noarch.rpm
				

7.1.3. atomic

http://www6.atomicorp.com/channels/atomic/centos/5/x86_64/RPMS/atomic-release-1.0-14.el5.art.noarch.rpm
			

7.1.4. famillecollet

rpm --import http://rpms.famillecollet.com/RPM-GPG-KEY-remi
rpm -ivh http://rpms.famillecollet.com/enterprise/remi-release-6.rpm
			

7.1.5. rpmfind.net

http://rpmfind.net

7.1.6. pkgs.org

http://pkgs.org/

7.1.8. 制作本地共享源

我使用Ubuntu + vsftpd为 Redhat 提供源

将光盘Mount到/mnt,或使用iso文件Mount 到 /mnt

sudo mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/
or
sudo mount -o loop rhel-server-5.6-i386-dvd.iso /mnt
			

将整个光盘复制到ftp的anonymous目录或者http目录

sudo rsync -auvP /mnt/* /srv/ftp/
			

一般完整DVD光盘复制,不需要做此步骤。如果你的RPM看来自非官方,需要运行createrepo

cd /srv/ftp/
sudo apt-get install createrepo
sudo createrepo -g repodata/comps-rhel5-server-core.xml Server
			

FTP方式

			
cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/rhel-source-dvd.repo <<EOF
[rhel-source-dvd]
name=Red Hat Enterprise Linux $releasever - Source
baseurl=ftp://172.16.1.2/Server
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=ftp://172.16.1.2/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
EOF
			
			

HTTP方式

			
cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/rhel-source-dvd.repo <<EOF
[rhel-source-dvd]
name=Red Hat Enterprise Linux $releasever - Source
baseurl=http://172.16.1.2/Server
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=http://172.16.1.2/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
EOF
			
			

还可以使用本地文件或者光盘Mount目录

			
cat > /etc/yum.repos.d/rhel-source-dvd.repo <<EOF
[rhel-source-dvd]
name=Red Hat Enterprise Linux $releasever - Source
baseurl=file:///mnt/Server
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=file:///mnt/RPM-GPG-KEY-redhat-release
EOF
			
			
yum clean all
yum list updates
			
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