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8.2. Spring Data MongoDB

8.2.1. Example Spring Data MongoDB

8.2.1.1. pom.xml

注意Spring4 与 1.9.1.RELEASE有兼容性问题,日志提示 Error creating bean with name 'mongoTemplate' defined in ServletContext resource

			
		<dependency>
			<groupId>org.springframework.data</groupId>
			<artifactId>spring-data-mongodb</artifactId>
			<version>1.8.1.RELEASE</version>
		</dependency>			
			
			

8.2.1.2. springframework-servlet.xml

			
	<mongo:db-factory id="mongoDbFactory" host="${mongo.host}" port="${mongo.port}" dbname="${mongo.database}" />
	<!-- username="${mongo.username}" password="${mongo.password}" -->

	<bean id="mongoTemplate" class="org.springframework.data.mongodb.core.MongoTemplate">
        <constructor-arg name="mongoDbFactory" ref="mongoDbFactory"/>
    </bean>
    
    <mongo:mapping-converter id="converter" db-factory-ref="mongoDbFactory"/>
    <bean id="gridFsTemplate" class="org.springframework.data.mongodb.gridfs.GridFsTemplate">
      <constructor-arg ref="mongoDbFactory"/>
      <constructor-arg ref="converter"/>
    </bean>
			
			

例 8.2. Spring Data MongoDB - springframework-servlet.xml

				
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans" 
	xmlns:mvc="http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc" 
	xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" 
	xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" 
	xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
	xmlns:mongo="http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo"
	xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx" xsi:schemaLocation="
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans     
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/mvc/spring-mvc.xsd
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context 
        http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context.xsd
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo
		http://www.springframework.org/schema/data/mongo/spring-mongo-1.5.xsd        
        ">

	<mvc:resources location="/images/" mapping="/images/**" />
	<mvc:resources location="/css/" mapping="/css/**" />
	<mvc:resources location="/js/" mapping="/js/**" />
	<mvc:resources location="/zt/" mapping="/zt/**" />
	<mvc:resources location="/sm/" mapping="/sm/**" />
	<mvc:resources location="/module/" mapping="/module/**" />

	<context:component-scan base-package="cn.netkiller.controller" />
	<!-- <context:property-placeholder location="classpath:resources/development.properties" /> -->
	<mvc:annotation-driven />

	<bean id="viewResolver" class="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.UrlBasedViewResolver">
		<property name="viewClass" value="org.springframework.web.servlet.view.JstlView" />
		<property name="prefix" value="/WEB-INF/jsp/" />
		<property name="suffix" value=".jsp" />
	</bean>

	<bean id="configuracion" class="org.springframework.beans.factory.config.PropertyPlaceholderConfigurer">
		<property name="location" value="classpath:resources/development.properties" />
	</bean>
	
	<!-- MongoDB Connection Factory -->
	<mongo:db-factory id="mongoDbFactory" host="${mongo.host}" port="${mongo.port}" dbname="${mongo.database}" />
	<!-- username="${mongo.username}" password="${mongo.password}" -->
	
	<!-- MongoDB template definition -->
	<bean id="mongoTemplate" class="org.springframework.data.mongodb.core.MongoTemplate">
        <constructor-arg name="mongoDbFactory" ref="mongoDbFactory"/>
    </bean>
    
    <!-- MongoDB GridFS template definition -->
    <mongo:mapping-converter id="converter" db-factory-ref="mongoDbFactory"/>
    <bean id="gridFsTemplate" class="org.springframework.data.mongodb.gridfs.GridFsTemplate">
      <constructor-arg ref="mongoDbFactory"/>
      <constructor-arg ref="converter"/>
    </bean>
    
	<!-- Redis Connection Factory -->
	<bean id="jedisConnFactory" class="org.springframework.data.redis.connection.jedis.JedisConnectionFactory" p:host-name="192.168.2.1" p:port="6379" p:use-pool="true" />

	<!-- redis template definition -->
	<bean id="redisTemplate" class="org.springframework.data.redis.core.RedisTemplate" p:connection-factory-ref="jedisConnFactory" />
 
</beans>
				
				

development.properties 配置内容

			
mongo.host=192.168.4.1
mongo.port=27017
mongo.username=test
mongo.password=passw0rd
mongo.database=website
			
			

8.2.1.3. POJO

			
package cn.netkiller.pojo;

import org.springframework.data.annotation.Id;
import org.springframework.data.mongodb.core.mapping.Document;

@Document(collection = "tracker")
public class Tracker {
	@Id
	private String id;
	private String name;
	private String unique;
	private String hostname;
	private String referrer;
	private String href;

	public Tracker() {
		// TODO Auto-generated constructor stub
	}

	public String getName() {
		return name;
	}

	public void setName(String name) {
		this.name = name;
	}

	public String getUnique() {
		return unique;
	}

	public void setUnique(String unique) {
		this.unique = unique;
	}

	public String getHostname() {
		return hostname;
	}

	public void setHostname(String hostname) {
		this.hostname = hostname;
	}

	public String getReferrer() {
		return referrer;
	}

	public void setReferrer(String referrer) {
		this.referrer = referrer;
	}

	public String getHref() {
		return href;
	}

	public void setHref(String href) {
		this.href = href;
	}

	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "Tracker [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + ", unique=" + unique + ", hostname=" + hostname + ", referrer=" + referrer + ", href=" + href + "]";
	}

}		
			
			

8.2.1.4. Controller

			
package cn.netkiller.controller;

import cn.netkiller.pojo.Tracker;

import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.data.mongodb.core.MongoTemplate;
import org.springframework.stereotype.*;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.*;

@Controller
public class TrackerController {

	@Autowired
	private MongoTemplate mongoTemplate;

	public TrackerController() {

	}

	@RequestMapping("/tracker/test")
	@ResponseBody
	String hello() {
		return "Hello World!";
	}

	@RequestMapping("/tracker")
	@ResponseBody
	String execute() {
		Tracker tracker = new Tracker();
		tracker.setName("test");
		tracker.setUnique("111223456");
		tracker.setHostname("www.example.com");
		tracker.setHref("http://example.com/test.html");
		tracker.setReferrer("http://example.com/");
		this.mongoTemplate.insert(tracker);
		
		return tracker.toString();
	}

}
			
			

8.2.1.5. 查看测试结果

			
> db.tracker.find();
{ "_id" : ObjectId("5757c0b92c526a6bda5eea3a"), "_class" : "cn.netkiller.repositories.Tracker", "name" : "test", "unique" : "111223456", "hostname" : "www.example.com", "referrer" : "http://example.com/", "href" : "http://example.com/test.html" }

			
			

8.2.1.6. 条件查询

			
	@RequestMapping("/read/name/{name}")
	public ArrayList<Tracker> sort(@PathVariable String name) {
	
		Query query = new Query(Criteria.where("name").is(name)); 
		 
		ArrayList<Tracker> trackers =  (ArrayList<Tracker>) mongoTemplate.find(query, Tracker.class);
		return trackers;
	}			
			
			

8.2.2. @Document

复杂的 @Document 数据类型定义

		
package cn.netkiller.domain;

import java.util.Date;
import java.util.List;
import java.util.Map;

import org.springframework.data.annotation.Id;
import org.springframework.data.mongodb.core.mapping.Document;

@Document
public class MultilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate {

	public enum Type {
		POINT, CASH, GIFT
	}

	public enum Rebate {
		DIRECT, INDIRECT
	}

	public enum Status {
		New, Rejected, Approved
	}

	@Id
	private String id;
	public String name;
	public Date beginDate;
	public Date endDate;
	public double lowAmount;
	public double highAmount;
	public Type type;
	public Status status = Status.New;
	public List<Map<String, Map<?, ?>>> product;

	@Override
	public String toString() {
		return "MultilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate [id=" + id + ", name=" + name + ", beginDate=" + beginDate
				+ ", endDate=" + endDate + ", lowAmount=" + lowAmount + ", highAmount=" + highAmount + ", type=" + type
				+ ", status=" + status + ", product=" + product + "]";
	}

}
		
		

8.2.2.1. @Indexed

索引

8.2.2.1.1. 普通索引
				
@Indexed		
				
				
8.2.2.1.2. 唯一索引
				
@Indexed(unique=true)	
				
				

8.2.2.2. @DateTimeFormat

@DateTimeFormat( pattern = "yyyy-MM-dd" )
private Date birthday

@DateTimeFormat(iso = DateTimeFormat.ISO.NONE)
private final Calendar datetime;

@DateTimeFormat(pattern="yyyy-MM-dd HH:mm:ss")
private Date date;
			

8.2.2.3. @NumberFormat

@NumberFormat(style=Style.CURRENCY)
private double money;
			

8.2.2.4. 在 @Document 中使用 Enum 类型

			
	public enum Type {
		POINT, CASH, GIFT
	}

	public enum Rebate {
		DIRECT, INDIRECT
	}

	public enum Status {
		New, Rejected, Approved
	}
			
			

枚举类型的赋值方法

			
		MultilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate multilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate = new MultilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate();
		multilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate.name = "TEST";
		multilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate.beginDate = new Date();
		multilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate.endDate = new Date();
		multilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate.lowAmount = 1.5d;
		multilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate.highAmount = 100d;
		multilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate.type = Type.CASH;			
			
			

8.2.2.5. 在 @Document 中定义数据结构 List/Map

			
	public List<Map<String, Map<?, ?>>> product;
			
			

下面是数据集结构的赋值例子

			
	Map<Enum<Rebate>, Double> rebate = new HashMap<Enum<Rebate>, Double>();

	rebate.put(Rebate.DIRECT, 10.05d);
	rebate.put(Rebate.INDIRECT, 6.05d);

	Map<String, Map<?, ?>> prod1 = new HashMap<String, Map<?, ?>>();
	prod1.put("USDRMB", rebate);

	List<Map<String, Map<?, ?>>> products = new ArrayList<Map<String, Map<?, ?>>>();
	products.add(prod1);
	multilevelDirectSellingTradingRebate.product = products;
			
			

8.2.3. MongoRepository

8.2.3.1. findAll()

			
	@RequestMapping(value = "read", method = RequestMethod.GET, produces = { "application/xml", "application/json" })
	@ResponseStatus(HttpStatus.OK)
	public List<Withdraw> read() {
		return repository.findAll();
	}
			
			

8.2.3.2. deleteAll()

			
repository.deleteAll();
			
			

8.2.3.3. save()

			
repository.save(new City("Shenzhen", "China"));
			
			

8.2.3.4. count()

			
	@RequestMapping("count")
	public long count() {
		return repository.count();
	}
			
			

8.2.3.5. findByXXXX

			
List<User> findByName(String name);

List<User> users = userRepository.findByName("Eric");
			
			

8.2.3.6. StartingWith 和 EndingWith

			
List<User> findByNameStartingWith(String regexp);
List<User> findByNameEndingWith(String regexp);

List<User> users = userRepository.findByNameStartingWith("N");
List<User> users = userRepository.findByNameEndingWith("o");
			
			

8.2.3.7. Between

			
List<User> findByAgeBetween(int ageGT, int ageLT);

List<User> users = userRepository.findByAgeBetween(20, 50);
			
			

8.2.3.8. PageRequest

			
Page<User> findByLastname(String lastname, Pageable pageable);			
			
			
			
	@RequestMapping(value = "read/{size}/{page}", method = RequestMethod.GET, produces = { "application/xml", "application/json" })
	@ResponseStatus(HttpStatus.OK)
	public List<Withdraw> readPage(@PathVariable int size, @PathVariable int page){
		PageRequest pageRequest = new PageRequest(page-1,size);
		return repository.findAll(pageRequest).getContent();
	}
			
			

URL翻页参数,每次返回10条记录

第一页 http://localhost:8080/v1/withdraw/read/10/1.json
第二页 http://localhost:8080/v1/withdraw/read/10/2.json
...
第五页 http://localhost:8080/v1/withdraw/read/10/5.json
			

8.2.3.9. @Query

			

			
			

8.2.4. mongoTemplate

8.2.4.1. is

			
Query query = new Query();
query.addCriteria(Criteria.where("name").is("Neo"));
List<User> users = mongoTemplate.find(query, User.class);		
			
			

8.2.4.2. Regex 正则表达式搜索

查询以N开头的名字

			
Query query = new Query();
query.addCriteria(Criteria.where("name").regex("^N"));
List<User> users = mongoTemplate.find(query,User.class);	
			
			

查询以o结尾的名字

			
Query query = new Query();
query.addCriteria(Criteria.where("name").regex("o$"));
List<User> users = mongoTemplate.find(query, User.class);
			
			

8.2.4.3. lt 和 gt

查询年龄小于 < 30 并 > 20 的用户

			
Query query = new Query();
query.addCriteria(Criteria.where("age").lt(30).gt(20));
List<User> users = mongoTemplate.find(query,User.class);
			
			

8.2.4.4. between

实现一个区间条件 new Criteria("createdDate").gte(beginDate).lte(endDate)

			
	public boolean AccountDeposit(Date beginDate, Date endDate) {

		MatchOperation matchOperation = match(new Criteria("createdDate").gte(beginDate).lte(endDate));
		GroupOperation groupOperation = group("loginname").sum("amount").as("amount");
		SortOperation sortOperation = sort(new Sort(Direction.ASC, "loginname"));

		Aggregation aggregation = newAggregation(matchOperation, groupOperation, sortOperation);
		AggregationResults<AccountSettlementDetails> results = mongoTemplate.aggregate(aggregation, AccountSettlementDetails.class, AccountSettlementDetails.class);

		if (results.getMappedResults() != null) {
			log.info(results.getRawResults().get("result").toString());
			for (AccountSettlementDetails settlementDetails : results.getMappedResults()) {
							
				log.info("{}", settlementDetails.toString());
				
			}
		}
		return true;
	}
			
			

8.2.4.5. Criteria

			
Query query = new Query();
query.addCriteria(
    new Criteria().andOperator(
        Criteria.where("field1").exists(true),
        Criteria.where("field1").ne(false)
    )
);

List<Foo> result = mongoTemplate.find(query, Foo.class);
System.out.println("query - " + query.toString());

for (Foo foo : result) {
    System.out.println("result - " + foo);
}			
			
			

8.2.4.6. Sort

按照年龄排序

			
Query query = new Query();
query.with(new Sort(Sort.Direction.ASC, "age"));
List<User> users = mongoTemplate.find(query,User.class);
			
			

8.2.4.7. Query + PageRequest

			
final Pageable pageableRequest = new PageRequest(0, 2);
Query query = new Query();
query.with(pageableRequest);
			
			

8.2.4.8. newAggregation

			
		MultilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails multilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails = new MultilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails();
		multilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails.setLoginname("111");
		multilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails.setPhone("111");
		multilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails.setRecommenderLoginname("111");
		multilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails.setRecommenderPhone("111");
		multilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails.setRecommenderName("Neo");
		multilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails.setRecommenderType("客户");
		multilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails.setAmount(5.02);
		multilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails.setCreatedDate(new Date());
		multilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetailsRepository.save(multilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails);
		
		Date beginDate = this.getToday("00:00:00");
		Date endDate = this.getToday("23:59:59");
		log.info(beginDate.toString() + " ~ " + endDate.toString());
		
		GroupOperation groupOperation = group("loginname").sum("amount").as("amount");
		MatchOperation matchOperation = match(new Criteria("createdDate").gte(beginDate).lte(endDate));
		SortOperation sortOperation = sort(new Sort(Direction.ASC, "loginname"));

		Aggregation aggregation = newAggregation(matchOperation, groupOperation, sortOperation);
		AggregationResults<MultilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails> results = mongoTemplate.aggregate(aggregation, MultilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails.class, MultilevelDirectSellingAccountRewardsSettlementDetails.class);		
		System.out.println(results.getRawResults().get("result").toString());