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17.2. ps - report a snapshot of the current processes

ps aux

		
$ ps aux
USER       PID %CPU %MEM    VSZ   RSS TTY      STAT START   TIME COMMAND
root         1  0.0  0.0   4020   888 ?        Ss   08:50   0:01 /sbin/init
root         2  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kthreadd]
root         3  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [migration/0]
root         4  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [ksoftirqd/0]
root         5  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [watchdog/0]
root         6  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [migration/1]
root         7  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [ksoftirqd/1]
root         8  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [watchdog/1]
root         9  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [migration/2]
root        10  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [ksoftirqd/2]
root        11  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [watchdog/2]
root        12  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [migration/3]
root        13  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [ksoftirqd/3]
root        14  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [watchdog/3]
root        15  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [events/0]
root        16  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [events/1]
root        17  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [events/2]
root        18  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [events/3]
root        19  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [khelper]
root        54  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kblockd/0]
root        55  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kblockd/1]
root        56  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kblockd/2]
root        57  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kblockd/3]
root        60  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kacpid]
root        61  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kacpi_notify]
root       136  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kseriod]
root       193  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S    08:50   0:00 [pdflush]
root       194  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S    08:50   0:00 [pdflush]
root       195  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kswapd0]
root       238  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [aio/0]
root       239  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [aio/1]
root       240  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [aio/2]
root       241  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [aio/3]
root      1468  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [ksuspend_usbd]
root      1471  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [khubd]
root      1559  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [ata/0]
root      1560  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [ata/1]
root      1561  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [ata/2]
root      1562  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [ata/3]
root      1563  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [ata_aux]
root      1743  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [scsi_eh_0]
root      1744  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [scsi_eh_1]
root      1878  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [scsi_eh_2]
root      1879  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [scsi_eh_3]
root      2508  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kjournald]
root      2707  0.0  0.0  17188  1284 ?        S<s  08:50   0:00 /sbin/udevd --daemon
root      3055  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kpsmoused]
dhcp      4223  0.0  0.0  15108   840 ?        S<s  08:50   0:00 dhclient3 -e IF_METRIC=100 -pf /var
root      4311  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kjournald]
root      4585  0.0  0.0   3864   596 tty4     Ss+  08:50   0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty4
root      4586  0.0  0.0   3864   596 tty5     Ss+  08:50   0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty5
root      4588  0.0  0.0   3864   592 tty2     Ss+  08:50   0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty2
root      4591  0.0  0.0   3864   596 tty3     Ss+  08:50   0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty3
root      4592  0.0  0.0  45700  1328 ttyS0    Ss   08:50   0:00 /bin/login --
root      4792  0.0  0.0  13076  1752 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/acpid -c /etc/acpi/events
root      4859  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kondemand/0]
root      4860  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kondemand/1]
root      4861  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kondemand/2]
root      4862  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [kondemand/3]
syslog    4926  0.0  0.0  12296   784 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /sbin/syslogd -u syslog
root      4980  0.0  0.0   8132   592 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /bin/dd bs 1 if /proc/kmsg of /var/
klog      4982  0.0  0.1   6184  2876 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /sbin/klogd -P /var/run/klogd/kmsg
108       5004  0.0  0.0  21320  1104 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/dbus-daemon --system
root      5020  0.0  0.1  40112  2084 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/NetworkManager --pid-file
root      5034  0.0  0.0  24128  1256 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/NetworkManagerDispatcher
root      5047  0.0  0.0  35192  1220 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/system-tools-backends
root      5069  0.0  0.0  50916  1204 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/sshd
avahi     5090  0.0  0.0  29708  1508 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 avahi-daemon: running [netkiller.lo
avahi     5091  0.0  0.0  29580   508 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 avahi-daemon: chroot helper
postgres  5117  0.0  0.3 101164  6196 ?        S    08:50   0:01 /usr/lib/postgresql/8.3/bin/postgre
postgres  5121  0.0  0.0 101164  1624 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 postgres: writer process
postgres  5122  0.0  0.0 101164  1436 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 postgres: wal writer process
postgres  5123  0.0  0.0 101304  1684 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 postgres: autovacuum launcher proce
postgres  5124  0.0  0.0  71628  1432 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 postgres: stats collector process
root      5167  0.0  0.1  72312  2704 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/cupsd
115       5423  0.0  0.0  47552  1052 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/exim4 -bd -q30m
gnump3d   5431  0.0  0.8  54728 17744 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/perl -w /usr/bin/gnump3d
root      5481  0.0  0.0  10444   888 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/rsync --no-detach --daemon
root      5500  0.0  0.0  54048  1484 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/nmbd -D
root      5502  0.0  0.1  74548  2788 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/smbd -D
root      5573  0.0  0.0  19332   940 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/xinetd -pidfile /var/run/
root      5574  0.0  0.0   6272   840 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/dhcdbd --system
111       5593  0.0  0.2  35804  4396 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/hald
root      5596  0.0  0.1  30528  2384 ?        Ssl  08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/console-kit-daemon
root      5658  0.0  0.0  17820  1164 ?        S    08:50   0:00 hald-runner
root      5660  0.0  0.0  74548  1280 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/smbd -D
root      5690  0.0  0.0  19928  1148 ?        S    08:50   0:00 hald-addon-input: Listening on /dev
111       5693  0.0  0.0  16672   992 ?        S    08:50   0:00 hald-addon-acpi: listening on acpid
root      5722  0.0  0.0  13532  1300 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/hcid -x -s
root      5730  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [btaddconn]
root      5732  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [btdelconn]
root      5744  0.0  0.0  13428  1352 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/lib/bluetooth/bluetoothd-servi
root      5745  0.0  0.0  13352  1140 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/lib/bluetooth/bluetoothd-servi
root      5755  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        S<   08:50   0:00 [krfcommd]
root      5791  0.0  0.0 116168  1860 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/gdm
nagios    5847  0.0  0.0  34276  1852 ?        SNsl 08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/nagios2 -d /etc/nagios2/n
daemon    5884  0.0  0.0  16428   432 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/atd
root      5898  0.0  0.0  18616   980 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/cron
www-data  5929  0.0  0.1  58976  2380 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/lighttpd -f /etc/lighttpd
www-data  5940  0.0  0.2  83492  6124 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
www-data  5967  0.0  0.2  83492  6124 ?        Ss   08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
root      6016  0.0  0.0   3864   592 tty1     Ss+  08:50   0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty1
www-data  6022  0.0  0.1  83492  2764 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
www-data  6023  0.0  0.1  83492  2764 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
www-data  6024  0.0  0.1  83492  2764 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
www-data  6025  0.0  0.1  83492  2764 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
www-data  6026  0.0  0.1  83492  2764 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
www-data  6027  0.0  0.1  83492  2764 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
www-data  6028  0.0  0.1  83492  2764 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
www-data  6029  0.0  0.1  83492  2764 ?        S    08:50   0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
root      6058  0.0  0.0 116168  1840 ?        T    08:50   0:00 /usr/sbin/gdm
root      6062  0.0  0.0      0     0 ?        Z    08:50   0:00 [kill] <defunct>
root      6102  0.0  0.0  17336   920 ?        S    08:50   0:00 xinit /etc/gdm/failsafeXinit /etc/X
root      6104  0.0  0.3  76076  7644 tty7     S<s+ 08:50   0:01 /usr/bin/X :0 -auth /var/lib/gdm/:0
root      6111  0.0  0.0   3944   584 ?        S    08:51   0:00 /bin/sh /etc/gdm/failsafeXinit /etc
root      6112  0.0  0.2 126768  5000 ?        S    08:51   0:00 /usr/bin/gksu -u root /usr/bin/xfai
root      6114  0.0  0.2  41308  5516 ?        S    08:51   0:00 /usr/lib/libgconf2-4/gconfd-2 5
neo       6115  0.0  0.1  20944  3888 ttyS0    S    08:51   0:00 -bash
root      6131  0.0  1.0 156296 21096 ?        S    08:51   0:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/xfailsafed
neo       6164  0.0  0.1  74896  3664 ?        S    08:52   0:00 /usr/sbin/smbd -D
neo       7949  0.0  0.0   8696  1268 ttyS0    S+   11:19   0:00 man ps
neo       7957  0.0  0.0   9552  1008 ttyS0    S+   11:19   0:00 pager -s
root      7971  0.0  0.1  70028  3028 ?        Ss   11:20   0:00 sshd: neo [priv]
neo       7978  0.0  0.0  70028  1716 ?        S    11:20   0:00 sshd: neo@pts/0
neo       7979  0.2  0.1  20944  3852 pts/0    Ss   11:20   0:00 -bash
neo       8006  0.0  0.0  15064  1092 pts/0    R+   11:22   0:00 ps aux
		
		

ps ax

		
neo@netkiller:~$ ps ax
  PID TTY      STAT   TIME COMMAND
    1 ?        Ss     0:01 /sbin/init
    2 ?        S<     0:00 [kthreadd]
    3 ?        S<     0:00 [migration/0]
    4 ?        S<     0:00 [ksoftirqd/0]
    5 ?        S<     0:00 [watchdog/0]
    6 ?        S<     0:00 [migration/1]
    7 ?        S<     0:00 [ksoftirqd/1]
    8 ?        S<     0:00 [watchdog/1]
    9 ?        S<     0:00 [migration/2]
   10 ?        S<     0:00 [ksoftirqd/2]
   11 ?        S<     0:00 [watchdog/2]
   12 ?        S<     0:00 [migration/3]
   13 ?        S<     0:00 [ksoftirqd/3]
   14 ?        S<     0:00 [watchdog/3]
   15 ?        S<     0:00 [events/0]
   16 ?        S<     0:00 [events/1]
   17 ?        S<     0:00 [events/2]
   18 ?        S<     0:00 [events/3]
   19 ?        S<     0:00 [khelper]
   54 ?        S<     0:00 [kblockd/0]
   55 ?        S<     0:00 [kblockd/1]
   56 ?        S<     0:00 [kblockd/2]
   57 ?        S<     0:00 [kblockd/3]
   60 ?        S<     0:00 [kacpid]
   61 ?        S<     0:00 [kacpi_notify]
  136 ?        S<     0:00 [kseriod]
  193 ?        S      0:00 [pdflush]
  194 ?        S      0:00 [pdflush]
  195 ?        S<     0:00 [kswapd0]
  238 ?        S<     0:00 [aio/0]
  239 ?        S<     0:00 [aio/1]
  240 ?        S<     0:00 [aio/2]
  241 ?        S<     0:00 [aio/3]
 1468 ?        S<     0:00 [ksuspend_usbd]
 1471 ?        S<     0:00 [khubd]
 1559 ?        S<     0:00 [ata/0]
 1560 ?        S<     0:00 [ata/1]
 1561 ?        S<     0:00 [ata/2]
 1562 ?        S<     0:00 [ata/3]
 1563 ?        S<     0:00 [ata_aux]
 1743 ?        S<     0:00 [scsi_eh_0]
 1744 ?        S<     0:00 [scsi_eh_1]
 1878 ?        S<     0:00 [scsi_eh_2]
 1879 ?        S<     0:00 [scsi_eh_3]
 2508 ?        S<     0:00 [kjournald]
 2707 ?        S<s    0:00 /sbin/udevd --daemon
 3055 ?        S<     0:00 [kpsmoused]
 4223 ?        S<s    0:00 dhclient3 -e IF_METRIC=100 -pf /var/run/dhclient.eth0.pid -lf /var/lib/dh
 4311 ?        S<     0:00 [kjournald]
 4585 tty4     Ss+    0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty4
 4586 tty5     Ss+    0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty5
 4588 tty2     Ss+    0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty2
 4591 tty3     Ss+    0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty3
 4592 ttyS0    Ss     0:00 /bin/login --
 4792 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/acpid -c /etc/acpi/events -s /var/run/acpid.socket
 4859 ?        S<     0:00 [kondemand/0]
 4860 ?        S<     0:00 [kondemand/1]
 4861 ?        S<     0:00 [kondemand/2]
 4862 ?        S<     0:00 [kondemand/3]
 4926 ?        Ss     0:00 /sbin/syslogd -u syslog
 4980 ?        S      0:00 /bin/dd bs 1 if /proc/kmsg of /var/run/klogd/kmsg
 4982 ?        Ss     0:00 /sbin/klogd -P /var/run/klogd/kmsg
 5004 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/bin/dbus-daemon --system
 5020 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/NetworkManager --pid-file /var/run/NetworkManager/NetworkManage
 5034 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/NetworkManagerDispatcher --pid-file /var/run/NetworkManager/Net
 5047 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/bin/system-tools-backends
 5069 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/sshd
 5090 ?        Ss     0:00 avahi-daemon: running [netkiller.local]
 5091 ?        Ss     0:00 avahi-daemon: chroot helper
 5117 ?        S      0:01 /usr/lib/postgresql/8.3/bin/postgres -D /var/lib/postgresql/8.3/main -c c
 5121 ?        Ss     0:00 postgres: writer process
 5122 ?        Ss     0:00 postgres: wal writer process
 5123 ?        Ss     0:00 postgres: autovacuum launcher process
 5124 ?        Ss     0:00 postgres: stats collector process
 5167 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/cupsd
 5423 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/exim4 -bd -q30m
 5431 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/perl -w /usr/bin/gnump3d
 5481 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/rsync --no-detach --daemon --config /etc/rsyncd.conf
 5500 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/nmbd -D
 5502 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/smbd -D
 5573 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/xinetd -pidfile /var/run/xinetd.pid -stayalive -inetd_compat
 5574 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/dhcdbd --system
 5593 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/hald
 5596 ?        Ssl    0:00 /usr/sbin/console-kit-daemon
 5658 ?        S      0:00 hald-runner
 5660 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/smbd -D
 5690 ?        S      0:00 hald-addon-input: Listening on /dev/input/event3 /dev/input/event2
 5693 ?        S      0:00 hald-addon-acpi: listening on acpid socket /var/run/acpid.socket
 5722 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/hcid -x -s
 5730 ?        S<     0:00 [btaddconn]
 5732 ?        S<     0:00 [btdelconn]
 5744 ?        S      0:00 /usr/lib/bluetooth/bluetoothd-service-audio
 5745 ?        S      0:00 /usr/lib/bluetooth/bluetoothd-service-input
 5755 ?        S<     0:00 [krfcommd]
 5791 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/gdm
 5847 ?        SNsl   0:00 /usr/sbin/nagios2 -d /etc/nagios2/nagios.cfg
 5884 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/atd
 5898 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/cron
 5929 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/lighttpd -f /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
 5940 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 5967 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6016 tty1     Ss+    0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty1
 6022 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6023 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6024 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6025 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6026 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6027 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6028 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6029 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6058 ?        T      0:00 /usr/sbin/gdm
 6062 ?        Z      0:00 [kill] <defunct>
 6102 ?        S      0:00 xinit /etc/gdm/failsafeXinit /etc/X11/xorg.conf.failsafe with-gdm -- /usr
 6104 tty7     S<s+   0:01 /usr/bin/X :0 -auth /var/lib/gdm/:0.Xauth -nolisten tcp vt7 -br -once -co
 6111 ?        S      0:00 /bin/sh /etc/gdm/failsafeXinit /etc/X11/xorg.conf.failsafe with-gdm
 6112 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/gksu -u root /usr/bin/xfailsafedialog
 6114 ?        S      0:00 /usr/lib/libgconf2-4/gconfd-2 5
 6115 ttyS0    S      0:00 -bash
 6131 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/xfailsafedialog
 6164 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/smbd -D
 7949 ttyS0    S+     0:00 man ps
 7957 ttyS0    S+     0:00 pager -s
 7971 ?        Ss     0:00 sshd: neo [priv]
 7978 ?        S      0:00 sshd: neo@pts/0
 7979 pts/0    Ss     0:00 -bash
 7997 pts/0    R+     0:00 ps ax
		
		

ps axww

		
$ ps axww
  PID TTY      STAT   TIME COMMAND
    1 ?        Ss     0:01 /sbin/init
    2 ?        S<     0:00 [kthreadd]
    3 ?        S<     0:00 [migration/0]
    4 ?        S<     0:00 [ksoftirqd/0]
    5 ?        S<     0:00 [watchdog/0]
    6 ?        S<     0:00 [migration/1]
    7 ?        S<     0:00 [ksoftirqd/1]
    8 ?        S<     0:00 [watchdog/1]
    9 ?        S<     0:00 [migration/2]
   10 ?        S<     0:00 [ksoftirqd/2]
   11 ?        S<     0:00 [watchdog/2]
   12 ?        S<     0:00 [migration/3]
   13 ?        S<     0:00 [ksoftirqd/3]
   14 ?        S<     0:00 [watchdog/3]
   15 ?        S<     0:00 [events/0]
   16 ?        S<     0:00 [events/1]
   17 ?        S<     0:00 [events/2]
   18 ?        S<     0:00 [events/3]
   19 ?        S<     0:00 [khelper]
   54 ?        S<     0:00 [kblockd/0]
   55 ?        S<     0:00 [kblockd/1]
   56 ?        S<     0:00 [kblockd/2]
   57 ?        S<     0:00 [kblockd/3]
   60 ?        S<     0:00 [kacpid]
   61 ?        S<     0:00 [kacpi_notify]
  136 ?        S<     0:00 [kseriod]
  193 ?        S      0:00 [pdflush]
  194 ?        S      0:00 [pdflush]
  195 ?        S<     0:00 [kswapd0]
  238 ?        S<     0:00 [aio/0]
  239 ?        S<     0:00 [aio/1]
  240 ?        S<     0:00 [aio/2]
  241 ?        S<     0:00 [aio/3]
 1468 ?        S<     0:00 [ksuspend_usbd]
 1471 ?        S<     0:00 [khubd]
 1559 ?        S<     0:00 [ata/0]
 1560 ?        S<     0:00 [ata/1]
 1561 ?        S<     0:00 [ata/2]
 1562 ?        S<     0:00 [ata/3]
 1563 ?        S<     0:00 [ata_aux]
 1743 ?        S<     0:00 [scsi_eh_0]
 1744 ?        S<     0:00 [scsi_eh_1]
 1878 ?        S<     0:00 [scsi_eh_2]
 1879 ?        S<     0:00 [scsi_eh_3]
 2508 ?        S<     0:00 [kjournald]
 2707 ?        S<s    0:00 /sbin/udevd --daemon
 3055 ?        S<     0:00 [kpsmoused]
 4223 ?        S<s    0:00 dhclient3 -e IF_METRIC=100 -pf /var/run/dhclient.eth0.pid -lf /var/lib/dhcp3/dhclient.eth0.leases eth0
 4311 ?        S<     0:00 [kjournald]
 4585 tty4     Ss+    0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty4
 4586 tty5     Ss+    0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty5
 4588 tty2     Ss+    0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty2
 4591 tty3     Ss+    0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty3
 4592 ttyS0    Ss     0:00 /bin/login --
 4792 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/acpid -c /etc/acpi/events -s /var/run/acpid.socket
 4859 ?        S<     0:00 [kondemand/0]
 4860 ?        S<     0:00 [kondemand/1]
 4861 ?        S<     0:00 [kondemand/2]
 4862 ?        S<     0:00 [kondemand/3]
 4926 ?        Ss     0:00 /sbin/syslogd -u syslog
 4980 ?        S      0:00 /bin/dd bs 1 if /proc/kmsg of /var/run/klogd/kmsg
 4982 ?        Ss     0:00 /sbin/klogd -P /var/run/klogd/kmsg
 5004 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/bin/dbus-daemon --system
 5020 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/NetworkManager --pid-file /var/run/NetworkManager/NetworkManager.pid
 5034 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/NetworkManagerDispatcher --pid-file /var/run/NetworkManager/NetworkManagerDispatcher.pid
 5047 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/bin/system-tools-backends
 5069 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/sshd
 5090 ?        Ss     0:00 avahi-daemon: running [netkiller.local]
 5091 ?        Ss     0:00 avahi-daemon: chroot helper
 5117 ?        S      0:01 /usr/lib/postgresql/8.3/bin/postgres -D /var/lib/postgresql/8.3/main -c config_file=/etc/postgresql/8.3/main/postgresql.conf
 5121 ?        Ss     0:00 postgres: writer process
 5122 ?        Ss     0:00 postgres: wal writer process
 5123 ?        Ss     0:00 postgres: autovacuum launcher process
 5124 ?        Ss     0:00 postgres: stats collector process
 5167 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/cupsd
 5423 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/exim4 -bd -q30m
 5431 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/perl -w /usr/bin/gnump3d
 5481 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/rsync --no-detach --daemon --config /etc/rsyncd.conf
 5500 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/nmbd -D
 5502 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/smbd -D
 5573 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/xinetd -pidfile /var/run/xinetd.pid -stayalive -inetd_compat
 5574 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/dhcdbd --system
 5593 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/hald
 5596 ?        Ssl    0:00 /usr/sbin/console-kit-daemon
 5658 ?        S      0:00 hald-runner
 5660 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/smbd -D
 5690 ?        S      0:00 hald-addon-input: Listening on /dev/input/event3 /dev/input/event2
 5693 ?        S      0:00 hald-addon-acpi: listening on acpid socket /var/run/acpid.socket
 5722 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/hcid -x -s
 5730 ?        S<     0:00 [btaddconn]
 5732 ?        S<     0:00 [btdelconn]
 5744 ?        S      0:00 /usr/lib/bluetooth/bluetoothd-service-audio
 5745 ?        S      0:00 /usr/lib/bluetooth/bluetoothd-service-input
 5755 ?        S<     0:00 [krfcommd]
 5791 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/gdm
 5847 ?        SNsl   0:00 /usr/sbin/nagios2 -d /etc/nagios2/nagios.cfg
 5884 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/atd
 5898 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/sbin/cron
 5929 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/lighttpd -f /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
 5940 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 5967 ?        Ss     0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6016 tty1     Ss+    0:00 /sbin/getty 38400 tty1
 6022 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6023 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6024 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6025 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6026 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6027 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6028 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6029 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/php-cgi
 6058 ?        T      0:00 /usr/sbin/gdm
 6062 ?        Z      0:00 [kill] <defunct>
 6102 ?        S      0:00 xinit /etc/gdm/failsafeXinit /etc/X11/xorg.conf.failsafe with-gdm -- /usr/bin/X :0 -auth /var/lib/gdm/:0.Xauth -nolisten tcp vt7 -br -once -config /etc/X11/xorg.conf.failsafe
 6104 tty7     S<s+   0:01 /usr/bin/X :0 -auth /var/lib/gdm/:0.Xauth -nolisten tcp vt7 -br -once -config /etc/X11/xorg.conf.failsafe
 6111 ?        S      0:00 /bin/sh /etc/gdm/failsafeXinit /etc/X11/xorg.conf.failsafe with-gdm
 6112 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/gksu -u root /usr/bin/xfailsafedialog
 6114 ?        S      0:00 /usr/lib/libgconf2-4/gconfd-2 5
 6115 ttyS0    S      0:00 -bash
 6131 ?        S      0:00 /usr/bin/python /usr/bin/xfailsafedialog
 6164 ?        S      0:00 /usr/sbin/smbd -D
 7949 ttyS0    S+     0:00 man ps
 7957 ttyS0    S+     0:00 pager -s
 7971 ?        Ss     0:00 sshd: neo [priv]
 7978 ?        S      0:00 sshd: neo@pts/0
 7979 pts/0    Ss     0:00 -bash
 8012 pts/0    R+     0:00 ps axww

		
		

ps auxf

		
www-data 18743  0.0  0.1  82520  3776 ?        S<   11:18   0:02 /usr/sbin/lighttpd -f /etc/lighttpd/lighttpd.conf
www-data 18744  0.0  0.4 240904  9376 ?        S<s  11:18   0:00  \_ /usr/bin/php-cgi
www-data 18748  0.0  0.2 240904  4296 ?        S<   11:18   0:00      \_ /usr/bin/php-cgi
www-data 18749  0.0  0.2 240904  4296 ?        S<   11:18   0:00      \_ /usr/bin/php-cgi
www-data 18750  0.0  0.2 240904  4296 ?        S<   11:18   0:00      \_ /usr/bin/php-cgi
		
		

17.2.1. ps axef

[root@development ~]# ps -ef
UID        PID  PPID  C STIME TTY          TIME CMD
			
# ps axef
			

17.2.2. ps -eo pid,cmd

$ ps -eo pid,cmd
			

17.2.3. ps jax

			
# ps jax
 PPID   PID  PGID   SID TTY      TPGID STAT   UID   TIME COMMAND
    0     1     1     1 ?           -1 Ss       0   1:18 /sbin/init
    0     2     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kthreadd]
    2     3     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   3:32 [ksoftirqd/0]
    2     4     0     0 ?           -1 S        0  14:15 [migration/0]
    2     5     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [watchdog/0]
    2     6     0     0 ?           -1 S        0  16:12 [migration/1]
    2     7     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   3:00 [ksoftirqd/1]
    2     8     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [watchdog/1]
    2     9     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   1:01 [migration/2]
    2    10     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   3:40 [ksoftirqd/2]
    2    11     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [watchdog/2]
    2    12     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:44 [migration/3]
    2    13     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   3:08 [ksoftirqd/3]
    2    14     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [watchdog/3]
    2    15     0     0 ?           -1 S        0  28:37 [events/0]
    2    16     0     0 ?           -1 S        0  25:09 [events/1]
    2    17     0     0 ?           -1 S        0  65:53 [events/2]
    2    18     0     0 ?           -1 S        0  68:14 [events/3]
    2    19     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [cpuset]
    2    20     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [khelper]
    2    21     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   9:49 [netns]
    2    22     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [async/mgr]
    2    23     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [pm]
    2    25     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:43 [sync_supers]
    2    26     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   1:18 [bdi-default]
    2    27     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kintegrityd/0]
    2    28     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kintegrityd/1]
    2    29     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kintegrityd/2]
    2    30     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kintegrityd/3]
    2    31     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:40 [kblockd/0]
    2    32     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:38 [kblockd/1]
    2    33     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:24 [kblockd/2]
    2    34     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:24 [kblockd/3]
    2    35     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kacpid]
    2    36     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kacpi_notify]
    2    37     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kacpi_hotplug]
    2    38     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ata_aux]
    2    39     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ata_sff/0]
    2    40     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ata_sff/1]
    2    41     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ata_sff/2]
    2    42     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ata_sff/3]
    2    43     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [khubd]
    2    44     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kseriod]
    2    45     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kmmcd]
    2    46     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:06 [khungtaskd]
    2    47     0     0 ?           -1 S        0 329:34 [kswapd0]
    2    48     0     0 ?           -1 SN       0   0:00 [ksmd]
    2    49     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [aio/0]
    2    50     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [aio/1]
    2    51     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [aio/2]
    2    52     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [aio/3]
    2    53     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ecryptfs-kthrea]
    2    54     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [crypto/0]
    2    55     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [crypto/1]
    2    56     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [crypto/2]
    2    57     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [crypto/3]
    2    62     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [scsi_eh_0]
    2    63     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [scsi_eh_1]
    2    66     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kstriped]
    2    67     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kmpathd/0]
    2    68     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kmpathd/1]
    2    69     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kmpathd/2]
    2    70     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kmpathd/3]
    2    71     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kmpath_handlerd]
    2    72     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ksnapd]
    2    73     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kondemand/0]
    2    74     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kondemand/1]
    2    75     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kondemand/2]
    2    76     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kondemand/3]
    2    77     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kconservative/0]
    2    78     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kconservative/1]
    2    79     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kconservative/2]
    2    80     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kconservative/3]
    2   205     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [scsi_eh_2]
    2   255     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [scsi_eh_3]
    2   283     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [usbhid_resumer]
    2   289     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   4:24 [jbd2/sda1-8]
    2   290     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    2   291     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    2   292     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    2   293     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    1   337   336   336 ?           -1 S        0   0:31 upstart-udev-bridge --daemon
    1   343   343   343 ?           -1 S<s      0   0:20 udevd --daemon
    2   598     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [kpsmoused]
    2   603     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   8:21 [edac-poller]
    1   675   675   675 ?           -1 Ss       1   0:00 portmap
    2   692     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [radeon/0]
    2   693     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [radeon/1]
    2   694     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [radeon/2]
    2   695     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [radeon/3]
    2   697     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ttm_swap]
    1   698   698   698 ?           -1 Ss     112   0:00 rpc.statd -L
    2   700     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [rpciod/0]
    2   701     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [rpciod/1]
    2   702     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [rpciod/2]
    2   703     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [rpciod/3]
    2   714     0     0 ?           -1 S<       0   0:25 [kslowd000]
    2   715     0     0 ?           -1 S<       0   0:20 [kslowd001]
    2   814     0     0 ?           -1 S        0 102:38 [flush-8:0]
    2   823     0     0 ?           -1 S        0  12:12 [jbd2/sda3-8]
    2   824     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    2   825     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    2   826     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    2   827     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    2   880     0     0 ?           -1 S        0  30:54 [jbd2/sdb1-8]
    2   881     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    2   882     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    2   883     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    2   884     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [ext4-dio-unwrit]
    1   944   894   894 ?           -1 Sl     101   2:08 rsyslogd -c4
    2   958     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [nfsiod]
    1   960   960   960 ?           -1 Ss       0   0:40 /usr/sbin/sshd
    1   972   972   972 ?           -1 Ss       0   0:02 rpc.idmapd
    1   975   975   975 tty4       975 Ss+      0   0:00 /sbin/getty -8 38400 tty4
    1   992   992   992 tty5       992 Ss+      0   0:00 /sbin/getty -8 38400 tty5
    1   997   997   997 tty3       997 Ss+      0   0:00 /sbin/getty -8 38400 tty3
    1  1000  1000  1000 tty6      1000 Ss+      0   0:00 /sbin/getty -8 38400 tty6
    1  1009  1009  1009 ?           -1 Ss       1   0:00 atd
    1  1058  1058  1058 ?           -1 Ss     106  20:42 /usr/sbin/nrpe -c /etc/nagios/nrpe.cfg -d
    1  1081  1081  1081 ?           -1 Ss       0  14:35 /usr/sbin/munin-node
    2  1087     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [lockd]
    2  1088     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:06 [nfsd4]
    2  1089     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [nfsd4_callbacks]
    2  1090     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   1:29 [nfsd]
    2  1091     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   1:29 [nfsd]
    2  1092     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   1:34 [nfsd]
    2  1093     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   1:35 [nfsd]
    2  1094     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   1:31 [nfsd]
    2  1095     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   1:31 [nfsd]
    2  1096     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   1:30 [nfsd]
    2  1097     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   1:30 [nfsd]
    1  1101  1101  1101 ?           -1 Ss       0   0:11 /usr/sbin/rpc.mountd --manage-gids
    1  1500  1499  1499 ?           -1 S      105  39:47 /usr/sbin/snmpd -Lsd -Lf /dev/null -u snmp -g snmp -I -smux -p /var/run/snmpd.pid
    1  2066  2066  2066 tty2      2066 Ss+      0   0:00 /sbin/getty -8 38400 tty2
    1  2068  2068  2068 tty1      2068 Ss+      0   0:00 /sbin/getty -8 38400 tty1
    1  5243  5243  5243 ?           -1 Ss       0   0:15 /usr/sbin/vsftpd
    1  6058  6058  6058 ?           -1 Ss       0   0:00 /bin/sh -c test -x /usr/sbin/anacron || ( cd / && run-parts --report /etc/cron.daily )
 6058  6060  6058  6058 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 run-parts --report /etc/cron.daily
 6060  6062  6058  6058 ?           -1 Z        0   0:00 [apt] <defunct>
    1  8627  8627  8627 ?           -1 Ss     115  12:06 /usr/sbin/gmond
    1  8674  8674  8674 ?           -1 Ssl    102   0:09 /usr/sbin/named -u bind
    1  9027  9027  9027 ?           -1 Ss       0   0:02 cron
    2 12690     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfs_mru_cache]
    2 12691     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfslogd/0]
    2 12692     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfslogd/1]
    2 12693     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfslogd/2]
    2 12694     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfslogd/3]
    2 12695     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfsdatad/0]
    2 12696     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfsdatad/1]
    2 12697     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfsdatad/2]
    2 12698     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfsdatad/3]
    2 12699     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfsconvertd/0]
    2 12700     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfsconvertd/1]
    2 12701     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfsconvertd/2]
    2 12702     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [xfsconvertd/3]
    2 12710     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [jfsIO]
    2 12711     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [jfsCommit]
    2 12712     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [jfsCommit]
    2 12713     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [jfsCommit]
    2 12714     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [jfsCommit]
    2 12715     0     0 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 [jfsSync]
    1 13841 13841 13841 ?           -1 Ss    1000 249:23 ./boinc --daemon
    1 14479 14479 14479 ?           -1 Ss       0   0:10 /usr/lib/postfix/master
14479 14481 14479 14479 ?           -1 S      111   0:02 qmgr -l -t fifo -u
17136 16953 17136 17136 ?           -1 S        0  27:11 smbd -F
    1 17136 17136 17136 ?           -1 Ss       0   0:16 smbd -F
    1 17143 17143 17143 ?           -1 Ss       0  14:42 nmbd -D
17136 17145 17136 17136 ?           -1 S        0   0:00 smbd -F
    1 18572 18566 18566 ?           -1 S        0   0:03 rsync -auz -e ssh root@172.16.2.10:/www/* /md1200/www/Thursday/
18572 18616 18566 18566 ?           -1 S        0   0:02 ssh -l root 172.16.2.10 rsync --server --sender -ulogDtprze.iLsf . /www/*
13841 19071 13841 13841 ?           -1 SNl   1000  87:53 ../../projects/setiathome.berkeley.edu/setiathome-5.28.x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
13841 19072 13841 13841 ?           -1 SNl   1000  88:08 ../../projects/setiathome.berkeley.edu/setiathome-5.28.x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
13841 19073 13841 13841 ?           -1 SNl   1000  88:04 ../../projects/setiathome.berkeley.edu/setiathome-5.28.x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
13841 19074 13841 13841 ?           -1 SNl   1000  87:42 ../../projects/setiathome.berkeley.edu/setiathome-5.28.x86_64-pc-linux-gnu
    1 22633 22632 22632 ?           -1 SN     114   0:00 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd
22633 22635 22632 22632 ?           -1 SN     114 483:39 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd
22633 22636 22632 22632 ?           -1 SN     114  45:23 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd
22633 22637 22632 22632 ?           -1 SN     114  44:51 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd
22633 22638 22632 22632 ?           -1 SN     114  44:45 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd
22633 22639 22632 22632 ?           -1 SN     114  45:02 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd
22633 22640 22632 22632 ?           -1 SN     114  44:36 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd
22633 22641 22632 22632 ?           -1 SN     114   6:09 /usr/sbin/zabbix_agentd
14479 25203 14479 14479 ?           -1 S      111   0:00 pickup -l -t fifo -u -c
    1 27680 27680 27680 ?           -1 Ss     113  14:34 /usr/sbin/ntpd -p /var/run/ntpd.pid -g -u 113:122
  960 28801 28801 28801 ?           -1 Ss       0   0:00 sshd: root@pts/0
28801 28866 28866 28866 pts/0    29991 Ss       0   0:00 -bash
  343 29055   343   343 ?           -1 S<       0   0:19 udevd --daemon
28866 29991 29991 28866 pts/0    29991 S+       0   0:00 ssh 172.16.1.3
  960 29992 29992 29992 ?           -1 Ss       0   0:00 sshd: root@pts/1
29992 30057 30057 30057 pts/1    30109 Ss       0   0:00 -bash
30057 30109 30109 30057 pts/1    30109 R+       0   0:00 ps jax
			
			

17.2.4. zombie process

ps aux | awk '{ print $8 " " $2 }' | grep -w Z
			
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